The country is nicknamed "Land of 365 Beaches" due to the many beaches surrounding the islands.
Its governance, language, and culture have all been strongly influenced by the British Empire, of which the country was formerly a part.
The Arawaks introduced agriculture, raising, among other crops, the famous Antigua black pineapple (Moris cultivar of Ananas comosus), corn, sweet potatoes (white with firmer flesh than the bright orange "sweet potato" most often used in the United States), chiles, guava, tobacco, and cotton.
Antigua is Spanish for "ancient" and Barbuda is Spanish for "bearded".
The island of Antigua, originally called Wa'ladli by Arawaks, is today called Wadadli by locals. Christopher Columbus, while sailing by in 1493 may have named it Santa Maria la Antigua, after an icon in the Spanish Seville Cathedral.
Slavery, established to run sugar plantations around 1684, was abolished in 1834.
The British ruled from 1632 to 1981, with a brief French interlude in 1666.
The Catholic Encyclopedia makes it clear that the European invaders had difficulty differentiating between the various groups of the native peoples they encountered.